In Chinese history, there are two regimes that also originated in the northeast but ended in very different endings, that is, the Qing Dynasty and the Jin Dynasty, both of which are nominally "Nuzhen". And Nuerhachi in the early Qing Dynasty also said that he was a "post-gold".
in Chinese history, two regimes also originated in the northeast but ended in very different endings, that is, the Qing Dynasty and the Jin Dynasty, both of which are nominal "Nuzhen". And Nuerhachi in the early Qing Dynasty also said that he was a "post-gold".
the two regimes look different everywhere.
first of all, the Jin Dynasty began in the northeast, but it did not unify the whole country, but a separatist regime in the north coexisted with the Southern Song Dynasty.
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the second is that the politics of the Jin Dynasty is 108000 li lower than that of the Qing Dynasty, especially the serious infighting that occurred in the early period, but it did not happen in the Qing Dynasty. Why on earth is this?
Jin State, as the first female true power in Chinese history, the entrepreneurial experience can be said to be very legendary. Although the Wanyan clan, which originated from the white mountains and black rivers, was still in a semi-slave and semi-feudal society at the end of the Northern Song Dynasty, it was a big family. Before Jin Taizu completed the fight of Yan A-Gu, he had gone through more than 60 years and had a deep foundation, and even fought with Koryo back and forth.
but no one could have imagined that this seemingly weak Nuzhen nation was able to defeat the then powerful Liao State in a very short time, and then destroyed the Northern Song Dynasty, laying a powerful territory for half of the Jin Dynasty's separatist regime.
however, the great victory of the Jin Dynasty was accompanied by round after round of bloody infighting.
at that time, there were mainly three factions within the Jin Dynasty.
the first is the descendants of Jin Taizu, which can also be called the Arguda faction.
the second is the descendants of Jin Taizong Wan Yan Wu Qimai, that is, the so-called "Taizong School".
the third category is the founding generals, such as the famous Wanyan Wu Shu, Wan Yan Loushi, Wan Yan Zonghan, and others.
these three factions not only cooperate but also compete with each other.
the upgrading speed of the inheritance system of the Jin Dynasty has not kept pace with the expansion of the territory of the Jin Dynasty at all. Wanyan Agu left two mottos before he was killed. The first is: "there is no change in the old style," that is, the Nuzhen tradition cannot be changed, and the second is: "the elder brother and the younger brother."
according to the motto of Wanyan Aguda, Jin Taizong, his fourth younger brother, inherited the throne after his death, and then passed the throne to the descendants of Taizu who served as the most powerful son of Shuoban (equivalent to the status of Prince Yin Jing of the Song Dynasty). But unfortunately, Wan Yan Zongjun, who was supposed to take over at that time, all died before Jin Taizong, which laid the groundwork. After that, the operation of various factions vying for the position of king of storage began to turn white-hot.
at that time, Wan Yan Zonghan had the highest real power in the Xungui Group, who was a powerful figure of the Taizu faction, while their opposite honorable figure was Wan Yan Zonbi (Jinwu). At first, Yan Zonghan thought that a young emperor could do whatever he wanted, so he embraced Jin Xizang. As a result, Jin Xizong was more difficult to deal with than he thought. As soon as he came to power, he purged Zonghan's henchmen, but Jin Xizong didn't laugh for long.
in the ninth year of Emperor Tong, just when Jin Xizong thought everything would be all right, Wan Yanliang, his favorite patriarch, actually conspired to kill the king. Wan Yanliang rebelled late at night, killed Jin Xizong, and then followed. The second son of Yan Zonggan, the grandson of Wan Yan Aguda, immediately killed more than 70 people of the descendants of Jin Taizong, and at the same time carried out a large-scale cleansing of hundreds of patriarchal clans and heroes. The "Yanqing hero" group of the Jin Dynasty was almost wiped out.
however, Wan Yanliang could not expect that he could not escape being betrayed by the patriarchal clan in the end. Jin Shizong Wan Yanyong took advantage of his southward crusade against the Southern Song Dynasty to raise troops and uprising, which directly led to his death in the mutiny, and the imperial clan civil strife of the Jin Dynasty came to an end.
calm and rough
for Jin, starting a business is not only very difficult at first, but also has deep feelings for each other. Why is the civil strife so fierce in the end? Maybe if we look at the Qing Dynasty, which also started in the northeast, we may come to a different conclusion.
for the early Qing Dynasty, the biggest crisis was not the long-term battle for the Ming Dynasty, but the internal power struggle.
as early as the Nuerhachi period, the Qing Dynasty was faced with a very real problem-the struggle for Chu Jun.
as an entrepreneurial boss, Nurhachi has nothing to say in terms of force. After all, he once set a magical record of four men against 800 people (four men bravely marched into the siege, mixed and killed 20 enemy soldiers, and then lost. Eight hundred people couldn't stand it, so they all waded into the muddy river and left.
but he is a mess in internal affairs, especially when it comes to his sons and brothers. At first, Nurhachi's brother Shuerhaqi betrayed him and settled him. Nurhachi's eldest son Chu Ying had another conflict with his five founding heroes and abandoned his eldest son. as a result, his second-generation Shan got together directly with his eldest wife Abraham. It can be said that Nurhachi's family situation is chaotic enough. Under such circumstances as
, seeing that the inheritance problem of Nurhachi is difficult to solve, it is certain that the Qing court fell into civil strife. However, after Nuerhachi's death, Huang Taiji succeeded the throne very smoothly, forced Abraham to death, and stabilized his position.?.
after Huang Taiji's death, the Qing court was originally faced with another inevitable outbreak of contradictions. At that time, Huang Taiji's eldest son Haug was not spoiled for a long time, so he had no right of inheritance, but no one wanted Haug to ascend to the throne. At this time, the most powerful thing is to master the two white flags. The Dourgen brothers.
however, if Dourgen ascended to the throne, it was bound to clean the two yellow flags and one pulse of Huang Taiji, so the two sides refused to give way to each other, and finally reached a strange balance. Dogen agreed not to fight for the throne and voluntarily withdrew from becoming regent. The Qing court was able to enter the customs smoothly.
It can be said that he is relatively sober.
2. The eight banners system of the Qing court enabled the core interests of all factions to be maintained, especially after the death of Huang Taiji, the eight ministers were able to guarantee the ascension of the descendants of Huang Taiji to the throne, which is another magical phenomenon. the key is that under the eight banners system, everyone has to strive to protect the interests of the master and let Dourgen give up the fight for the throne.
3. When the Qing government had not yet entered the customs and there were powerful enemies outside, the internal struggle had to make a temporary concession. On the contrary, after the Jin Dynasty had entered the Central Plains and achieved a decisive position, civil strife began to get out of control. It can be said that it is true to say that he was born of worry and died of peace and contentment.