On December 25, 1991, the Soviet Union disintegrated.
On the military front, the most important weapon, nuclear weapons, was handed over by Gorbachev to Russian President Boris Yeltsin. Not all of the distribution of nuclear weapons is inherited by Russia.
The nuclear weapons of the Soviet Union are divided into four, which are inherited by Russia, Ukraine, Kazakhstan, and Belarus respectively.
At first, all four countries wanted to continue to deploy nuclear weapons and maintain nuclear deterrence, but why did only Russia retain nuclear weapons in the end?
It is very simple. Western countries led by the United States are not happy to see many nuclear weapons in the hands of small countries. originally, big countries can only swallow their anger and had no choice but to put up with small countries. however, once Ukraine, Kazakhstan, and Belarus have nuclear weapons, it means that these four countries suddenly can overturn the negotiating table, which is naturally something that the United States and other countries do not want to see.
So they put pressure on several countries that had nuclear weapons. Russia, as the eldest son of the Soviet Union, inherited most of its military strength, and its muscles were very strong, so it was naturally uneasy about the threat posed by the United States.
However, the small countries of Ukraine, Kazakhstan, and Belarus spoke lightly and finally had no choice but to swallow their anger and "voluntarily" gave up the right to use nuclear weapons.
On May 23, 1992, the United States, Russia, Ukraine, Belarus, and Kazakhstan signed an agreement in Lisbon, Portugal, under which Ukraine, Belarus, and Kazakhstan must destroy all nuclear weapons within the next seven years.
Of course, in exchange for Ukraine, Belarus, and Kazakhstan, they will receive a "large amount" of economic assistance from the United States. How much?
In Ukraine, for example, after Ukraine destroyed its nuclear weapons in 2001, the originally agreed economic aid came to an abrupt end, with only a pitiful amount of "liquidated damages".
As soon as the Soviet Union disintegrated, its former components had to be threatened and swallowed. I don't know how Gorbachev felt when he learned about it, but I'm afraid he didn't feel it either. after all, he was Russian.
Is not in the ranks of people who bow their heads.
So why can Ukraine, Kazakhstan, and Belarus also get nuclear weapons?
This involves one of the distribution principles at that time, that is, the inheritance of weapons and equipment is based on the country in which the weapons and equipment are located.
Because of the geographical advantages of Ukraine, Kazakhstan, and Belarus, the Soviet Union's former nuclear weapons were located in these three countries, so they were able to obtain the right to inherit nuclear weapons.
Of course, there are still some exceptions in terms of weapons and equipment. For example, many cutting-edge weapons, including aircraft carriers and long-range bombers, have been brought back by Russia.
So, how do you inherit other legacies?
We often say that Russia is the "eldest son" of the Soviet Union, which is actually because Russia is the natural successor of the Soviet Union, largely because Russia voluntarily repaid all the overseas debts owed by the Soviet Union, totaling about $21.3 billion.
As far as the army is concerned, the nationality of soldiers can be chosen by themselves, and everyone can go wherever they like. after all, a strong melon is not sweet and cannot be forced.
But why "basically"?
Because the nationality of some important troops is restricted, such as the maintenance force of nuclear weapons.
Of course, it is said that it is voluntary to decide whether to stay or not. Most of the troops eventually went to Russia. This is very simple. Being a soldier also requires food. At that time, Russia mainly paid for the wages of soldiers.
At that time, the economy of the Soviet Union itself was very unbalanced. even though the Soviet Union was a country with a very strong industrial capacity 1/4 of the Soviet Union at that time could be divided into "extreme poverty." at one point, some countries had "frozen to death on the road" after the disintegration of the Soviet Union.
Therefore, for the non-Russian soldiers at that time, the situation they faced was like this: if they followed Russia, they could at least have something to eat and return to their own country, and they might have to starve to death.
Under such circumstances, it is self-evident what soldiers will choose.
At first, during the period of the Soviet Union, local soldiers were often sent to serve far away, because the Soviet Union was, after all, a joint country of several countries. to better promote inter-ethnic integration and cultural exchanges.
As a result, at the time of the collapse of the Soviet Union, almost all the soldiers serving in the region were not locals.
At first, after the collapse of the Soviet Union, the plan given by various countries for the allocation of troops was "where soldiers serve, that is, they belong to this country."
But unexpectedly, this plan was fiercely resisted by the soldiers, and many weapons were spontaneously destroyed by the soldiers.
Therefore, to solve this problem, Russia, which originally wanted to inherit the Soviet legacy as much as possible, launched their "Russian program". These soldiers who do not want to stay in other countries can choose to retire, of course, if you do not retire, but you don't want to stay in other countries, you can choose the Russian plan-you will be admitted as a Russian.
Of course, you have to admit that the highly conciliatory plan put forward at that time does have its reasonableness. Some people have served for many years, friends, brothers, and loved ones are all local, and returning to their place of origin means nothing.
On the contrary, some people would rather have nothing and yearn for their native land, or have a short time in service and have no deep relationship.
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