Han Dynasty, Tang Dynasty! As two extremely brilliant empires in Chinese history, these two dynasties have left a deep impression on today's Chinese people.
Han Dynasty, Tang Dynasty! As two extremely brilliant empires in Chinese history, these two dynasties have left a deep impression on today's Chinese people. Today, today's Chinese language is called "Chinese" by the outside world, and today's Chinese people are called "Tang people" in foreign countries. In a sense, the Han and Tang dynasties have become synonymous with prosperous China.
so, if we compare the comprehensive national strength of the two glorious empires in Chinese history, the Han Dynasty and China, is the Han Dynasty more powerful or the Tang Dynasty more powerful?
first of all, let's take a look at the length of time the two countries were founded.
the Han Dynasty is divided into two dynasties-the Western Han Dynasty and the Eastern Han Dynasty. Because the first emperor of the Eastern Han Dynasty, Han Guangwu Emperor Liu Xiu is the descendant of Han Jingdi Liu Qi, so the Eastern Han Dynasty is the continuation of the Western Han Dynasty in the traditional Chinese concept. The Western Han Dynasty enjoyed the country for 210 years (from 202 BC to 8 AD). The Eastern Han Dynasty enjoyed the country for 195 years (AD 25-220), and the combined history of the two Han dynasties was as long as 410 years, making the Han Dynasty the only dynasty in Chinese history with a life span of more than four centuries.
the life expectancy of the Tang Dynasty was 289 years (AD 618-907).
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look at the duration of the prosperity of the two dynasties.
it is obvious that the heyday of the Han Dynasty lasted longer than that of the Tang Dynasty. The prosperity of the Western Han Dynasty experienced Gaozu, Emperor Huidi + Lv Hou, Emperor Wen, Emperor Jingdi, Emperor Wu, Emperor Zhao and Emperor Xuan of the Han Dynasty. If the reign of Emperor Huidi of the Han Dynasty and Emperor Lv Hou was regarded as a whole, the prosperity of the Western Han Dynasty experienced the reign of seven emperors. After the establishment of the Eastern Han Dynasty, its prosperity experienced the reign of Emperor Wu of Han Guang, Emperor Ming of Han Dynasty, Emperor Zhang of Han Dynasty and Emperor Hanhe. This led to the prosperity of the Han Dynasty experienced a total of 11 emperors.
but what about the heyday of the Tang Dynasty? Tang Gaozu, Tang Taizong, Tang Gaozong, Wu Zetian, Tang Zhongzong, Tang Ruizong and Tang Xuanzong were emperors of seven generations, whose heyday was obviously shorter than that of the Han Dynasty. Since the heyday of Emperor Wu of the Han Dynasty, a new "Zhaoxuan Zhongxing" has been opened in the Western Han Dynasty, while Yuan and Zhongxing and Huichang Zhongxing in the Tang Dynasty can no longer be compared with the "Zhaoxuan Zhongxing" in the Western Han Dynasty.
1, Economic contrast
during the Western Han Dynasty, its economic development increased slowly. The early years of the Han Dynasty experienced great chaos in the world. in order to ensure the long-term stability of the country, Liu Bang, the great ancestor of the Han Dynasty, ruled the country in the "way of Huang and Lao" and experienced the painstaking efforts of Emperor Wen and Emperor Jingdi of the Han Dynasty. its economy and population reached the strongest in the period of Emperor Wu of the Han Dynasty. In his later years, Emperor Wu of the Han Dynasty was unstable, but Emperor Zhao and Emperor Xuan of the Han Dynasty continued to make great efforts to correct the erroneous policies of Emperor Wu in his later years, and their economy revived again. After Emperor Guangwu of the Eastern Han Dynasty established his political power, he recuperated and recuperated. Following the "rule of the Ming chapter" by Emperor Ming and Emperor Zhang of the Han Dynasty, the national strength of the Eastern Han Dynasty reached a strong strength in the period of Emperor Han and Emperor According to the projections of historians today, the population of the Han Dynasty peaked at 65 million. Although the economy of the Han Dynasty is very developed, the development of its commodity economy is still at a low level.
in the Tang Dynasty, after the foundation laid by Emperor Taizong, Emperor Gaozong and Wu Zetian, the economy of the Tang Dynasty reached its peak in the period of Emperor Xuanzong. During the Kaiyuan period, the population of the Tang Dynasty reached 80 million, its commodity economy was quite prosperous, and many foreigners came to Chang'an, the capital of the Tang Dynasty, to do business.
if a country's economic development is measured by population, the economy of the Tang Dynasty is slightly stronger than that of the Han Dynasty, and the commodity economy of the Tang Dynasty is more developed than that of the Han Dynasty.
2, military contrast
militarily, the military strength of the Han Dynasty is obviously stronger than that of the Tang Dynasty.
putting aside the comparison of the military systems of the two sides, we can find the answer from the effect of the actual war: the Han Dynasty obviously surpassed the Tang Dynasty in pacifying civil strife. Among other things, the Han Dynasty was more than enough to pacify the chaos of the Wu and Chu Seven Kingdoms, while the Tang Dynasty was very tired to pacify the an-Shi Rebellion.
in terms of foreign war, the Han Dynasty also obviously surpassed the Tang Dynasty. The Han Dynasty swept the South Xiongnu and the Northern Xiongnu, driving the Huns to Europe thoroughly. What about the Tang Dynasty? The Tang Dynasty won the battle against the Turks at the beginning, but it did not take much advantage in the fight against the Uighurs and Tubo. In the famous Battle of Zorus, the Tang Dynasty was defeated by the Arab army. The Han Dynasty always controlled the Western regions, while the Tang Dynasty lost the Western regions after the an-Shi Rebellion.
3, Cultural contrast
from a cultural point of view, the cultural influence of the Han Dynasty is greater than that of the Tang Dynasty.
the Han Dynasty is the first country to use the year name in Chinese history. Shi Ji, a history book founded by Sima Qian, and Han Shu, founded by Ban Gu, are of epoch-making significance in Chinese history. In the period of Emperor Wu of the Han Dynasty, "the ouster of a hundred schools and the sole respect of Confucianism" had a far-reaching impact on the Chinese history in the future. The collection of Han Yuefu poems of the Han Dynasty is of great significance in Chinese history!
but what about the Tang Dynasty? Tang poetry also had a great influence on Chinese literature and culture, but there has never been a great event in the history of the Tang Dynasty that had a far-reaching impact on Chinese history and culture like the Han Dynasty's "dethroning a hundred schools and respecting Confucianism".
4, comparison of international exchanges
in terms of international exchanges, the Tang Dynasty was more open than the Han Dynasty, but the influence of the "Silk Road" of the Han Dynasty is still today! During the period of Emperor Wu of the Han Dynasty, Zhang Qian was ordered to carry out diplomatic activities in West Asia and Central Asia, and he made two visits to the Western regions in 138 BC and 126 BC. During his tour of various countries in the Western region, Zhang Qian went to Afghanistan, Iran and other countries successively. The Han emissaries under Zhang Qian arrived in Syria and the Roman Empire. This is the first time in history that China has sent a diplomat to Europe. It has a far-reaching impact on China's diplomacy.
even in the Eastern Han Dynasty, Ban Chao sent people to the Roman Empire, and the Roman Empire also sent envoys to China. In addition, during the reign of Emperor Wu of Han Guang, the Han Dynasty had friendly exchanges with Japan, and the "Golden Seal of the King of Han bonobos" is the 2000-year history of China and Japan.Direct proof from.
it must be stated that the exchanges between the Han Dynasty and other countries are equivalent to official political diplomacy, and their economic and cultural exchanges are not very obvious.
in the Tang Dynasty, this kind of communication went up to a higher level than "official political diplomacy"! The Tang Dynasty not only had political contacts with other countries, but also sent strong delegations of foreign students to Chang'an to learn about the advanced economic system and culture of the Tang Dynasty. Among them, the Japanese envoy to the Tang Dynasty is the most famous! More importantly, the Tang Dynasty also allowed a large number of foreigners to come to China to do business, which is unmatched by the Han Dynasty.
from the above comparison, we can see that the Han Dynasty is stronger than the Tang Dynasty in terms of enjoying the country, maintaining prosperity, military and cultural influence, and the Tang Dynasty is stronger than the Han Dynasty in economic and foreign exchanges. but the Han Dynasty had the unique diplomacy of the "Silk Road"! Therefore, from the comparison of comprehensive strength, the author thinks that the Han Dynasty is better than the Tang Dynasty.